Not long after, planning on the Taj Mahal began. Mumtaz Mahal was bred in 1921 by Lady Sykes of Sledgmere. Even today at agra fort there is an Amar Singh gate in his honour. Mumtaz Mahal was the niece of Jahangir and Nur Jahan, the most powerful of the Mughal empresses. Take the case of Amar Singh Rathore, a brave Rajputh. Their marriage became one of the great love stories of all time and she became a favorite subject of poets. Do your worst, Mother Nature! Superstition or not, they obviously picked right, because their marriage lasted 19 years and she apparently reciprocated his affections. Enough was enough and he stripped her of her power and banished her to live out her life in her garden palace in Delhi.  Asaf Khan eliminated many other remaining male members of mughal royal family that included Jehangirs sons Sharyar and Jahandhar and Khusraus sons. This didn’t exactly sit well with his older brother Dara or younger brother and third son Aurangzeb who were also battling for the throne. Mumtaz Mahal was born as Arjumand Banu on 27 April 1593 in Agra to Abu'l-Hasan Asaf Khan and his wife Diwanji Begum, the daughter of a Persian noble, Khwaja Ghias-ud-din of Qazvin. It has won the prestigious title of ‘Best Indian Restaurant’ 10 times in the Oman Today Restaurant Awards. Taj Mahal is the popular name for Mumtaz Mahal's mausoleum. They married only in 30th April 1612, five years after their engagement. It was Jahan’s son Aurangzeb who decided not to bother building a separate monument for his father and to bury him beside Mahal. The building was started in 1639 and completed in 1648 at a cost of about 50,000 rupees. But yes, Mumtaz died an accidental death, while giving birth to her 14th child. While Mahal’s casket lies in the exact center of the crypt, Shah Jahan’s casket, which was placed there after the building’s completion, throws everything off by being west of center. Any painting that does have her name on it is most likely a representation of Mughal beauty in general, but it most definitely is not her. While at court, Mumtaz Mahal was given the responsibility of keeping the seal of the land or the Mehr Uzaz. Thanks for your time! “The world believes it was built by love but reading Shah Jahan’s own words on the Taj, one could say it was grief that built the Taj Mahal and it was sorrow that saw it through sixteen years till completion.”―Aysha Taryam, The Opposite of Indifference: A Collection of Commentaries. Looking at the character of the king, he for sure must have been dating Mumtaz’s sister. Aurangzeb amazingly managed to rule India for 49 years but following the pattern of the bloody successions in Mughal history, another war of succession that came after his death. Years later, I was using her phone when I made an utterly chilling discovery. For Jahanara and her sister that day came when their mother died in 1631. Rachel Seigel is an avid reader and book enthusiast with over 15 years of experience writing. After her Mumtaz’s death, he reportedly married twice more to Akbarabadi Mahal and Muti Begum, but neither were love matches, and the weddings were entirely for political reasons. She was his trusted companion and traveled with him all over the Mughal Empire. Zainabadi Mahal (Persian: زين آباد محل ‎; died c. 1654; meaning "Lady from Zainabad") also known as Hira Bai, was a young Christian slave-girl in the keeping of Mir Khalil, who had married a sister of Aurangzeb's mother, Mumtaz Mahal.Hirabai first met Aurangzeb in 1653 and became a favourite concubine of his. It was his daughter Jahanara who took care of court and son Dara Sikoh who took care of empire affairs at that time. She traveled with him on all military campaigns, even while heavily pregnant with their 14th child, which ultimately resulted in her death. The best revenge might be living well, but that doesn't mean we can always turn the other cheek. In a sign of love and devotion, the Mughal emperor built a monument as tribute to her. One wouldn’t think that an elephant could be responsible for changing the course of history, but that’s exactly what happened in the Battle of Samugarh. Now whether this was out of love and devotion to him or a strategy to ensure he never got close to other wives is a matter to ponder. Please let us know if a fact we’ve published is inaccurate (or even if you just suspect it’s inaccurate) by reaching out to us at contribute@factinate.com. When Shah Jahan died, Aurangzeb put him in a sandalwood coffin and had him buried beside his wife in the Taj Mahal. After Khusraus rebellion and blinding, Jehangir felt Shah Jahan was his most capable successor and showered him with titles and even Punjab Subah which was given only to future emperors. Mahal’s aunt Nur Jahan was the 20th and favorite wife of Jahangir, Shah Jahan’s father, but was only stepmother, not natural mother, to Jahan. How tragic! Amazingly, Nur Jahan was the sister of Mumtaz Mahals father, Asaf Khan. We’re always looking for your input! Jehangir looked not to favour Arjumand Bano as his favourite sons wife and kept postponing the marriage on one pertex or another. Second was that he marry again. When the Taj Mahal was built, extra care was taken to make sure that should the building ever collapse—and this was a real possibility at the time—the four 130 foot spires at the edge of the platform were placed so that they’d lean outwards and fall away from the crypt, not on it.  Shah Jahan lost interest in administration and other official affairs for a long time. Thus Mumtaz held sway over her husbands life and mind completely just like her aunty Nur Jahan did over Jehangir. Empress Mumtaz must be turning in her grave visualizing her husband’s encounters with her sister. Mumtaz Mahal died in February, 1945 at Haras Marly-la-Ville, Oise, France at the age of 24. Below are 42 facts about the Mughal Empress. 22 years later, the Taj Mahal was finished. Under the rule of both Jehangir and Shah Jahan, Mirza Giyaz Baig family had a strange hold on the mughal throne. He even gave her the name Mumtaz Mahal, which means "The jewel of the palace". Sharyar was Nur Jahan;s daughter from Sher Afghan, Ladi Begums husband. Nur Jahan was alaramed and did not want her power to be curtailed after Jehangirs death, so she started plotting against Shah jahan and succeeded to make Jehangir against his beloved son. When Mahal died, she was temporarily buried in Burhanpur in a garden known as Zainbad. Mumtaz died during her 14 th delivery: This is true. Shah Jahan, with the help of Jahanara, raped Mumtaz’s brother Shaista Khan’s wife several times. Their meeting wasn’t entirely a fluke, but there were no guarantees he would fall for her. Shah Jahan's sons fought against each other for the crown in the Battle of Samugarh. Before meeting the Prince, Mahal had a shop in the Meena Bazar where she sold glass beads and silks. From there began one of the greatest love story we know, the popularity of Taj Mahal requires. However, during her lifetime, artists would laud her magnificence, elegance and kindness. Mumtaz Mahal was born in agra to Abul Hassan Asaf Khan better known as Asaf Khan. She was a princess born to Persian nobility and became Empress Consort of India in 1612 when she was married to Prince Khurrum (Shah Jahan). When doing a Google search, we found no reports that mention anything along these lines. No wonder she took over running things when her mother died! Silver steps led up to the throne, the feet were made of gold and set with jewels, and the back was a representation of two peacock tails lined with rubies and diamonds and other precious stones. She was born in Agra, India in the month of April in 1953. Mumtaz Mahal is one of the oldest fine dining restaurants in Muscat serving the best North Indian food, since 1984. Learn how your comment data is processed. She died years later shortly after giving birth. Fact #7. She also knew how to play chess and played often with her father. These qualities definitely paved the way for her engagement to Shah Jahan and he got no arguments from his father at all. Muslim law dictates that graves cannot be elaborately decorated as it is considered to be an expression of vanity which is not allowed. Prince Khurram was 13 years when this incident took place. Prior to the Mughal rule, the country was mostly Hindu, but until Shah Jahan’s son Aurangzeb began his rule, their goal was to unify the country and integrate, not quash the Hindu religion. Mumtaz Mahal was Shahjahan's trusted partner, and travelled with him everywhere he went, across the Moghul Empire. Nu Jahan manipulated the situation to make sure that her own son-in-law could take power, but this kind of ticked off Prince Khurrum, who enlisted the help of his Uncle to lead a revolt against him. Mahal and Jahan’s second son Shuja was a pretty power-hungry guy and being Governor of Bengal just wasn’t enough for him. We want our readers to trust us. Shah Jahan was already against Nur Jahan because he felt she was poisoning his father Jehangir mind against him. The date of Mahal’s marriage was carefully chosen by court astrologers as the one that would be most effective in ensuring a happy marriage. Shah Jahan married Mahal's sister after her death. 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